What Are Plant Assets In Accounting

plant assets are defined as

They appear on a company’s balance sheet under “investment;” “property, plant, and equipment;” “intangible assets;” or “other assets.” The IAS 16 of the IFRS governs the rules regarding recognizing and recording the plant assets in the company’s financial statements. Instead, a part of the cost is periodically charged to the expense account to depreciation the plant assets. Plant assets represent the asset class that belongs to the non-current, tangible assets. These assets are used for operating the business functions and generating revenues in the financial periods.

Recording Plant Assets in Accounting

Plant assets get their name from the industrial era because most fixed assets were factory plants. Today, plant assets are often referred to as Property, Plant, and Equipment (PP&E). The four main examples of plant assets, or PP&E, are land, equipment, buildings, and improvements. These assets provide considerable value to a company, and they have a long lifespan. Transferring an asset through a lease agreement can be difficult, especially if the asset comes with improvements.

What is asset? Definition, Explanation, Types, Classification, Formula, and Measurement

In that case, the lessor gets the full worth of the asset plus improvements, but the lessee can count the value until the end of the lease term. The importance of differentiating plant assets over other assets is for accounting plant assets are defined as practices, in particular for tax reporting and financial planning. Plant assets are typically the largest investments the business owns and the most significant when it comes to balancing the financial books.

Types of plant assets

Plant assets are usually expensive, long-term investments made to underpin a company’s production process. Needless to say, they’re an enormously important part of producing goods and/or services in an economically efficient manner. Businesses must be especially careful in making these investments since buildings and land are immovable and can’t be easily substituted. PP&E are assets that are expected to generate economic benefits and contribute to revenue for many years. Depreciation expenditures, on the other hand, are the appropriate part of the cost of a company’s fixed assets for the time period.

  • Plant assets are key to a company’s production process and are often considered among the most valuable items on the balance sheet.
  • Plant assets are ‘fixed’ in a business because of the amount of money invested to own and operate them, the long-term role these assets play, and because a business cannot sell it and turn it into cash quickly.
  • Proper recording and classification of plant assets in accounting documents their cost, useful life, and depreciation, showcasing their value in the financial statements.
  • The fixed asset classification is used to categorize the assets in a company’s balance sheet.
  • The basic principle working behind the depreciation of assets is the matching principle.
  • Depending on the industry and purpose of a company, a number of items might now qualify as plant assets.
  • Plant assets are those assets that can be used to create profits that have a useful life of more than a year.

What Is Included in the Plant Assets?

plant assets are defined as

Depreciation is the periodic allocation of an asset’s value(cost) over its useful life. The basic principle working behind the depreciation of assets is the matching principle. The matching principle states that expenses should be recorded in the same financial year when the revenue was generated against them. As the fixed assets last longer, the expenses are divided over the item until they’re useful.

  • Equipment is unique to each business and is the most diverse of the plant asset types.
  • Current assets are short-term, meaning they are items that are likely to be converted into cash within one year, such as inventory.
  • A plant is a physical object that can be used to produce a product or service.
  • Equipment is also one of the most varied forms of plant assets since it differs based on the industry or the specific demands of each company.
  • In a way, depreciation can be conceptualized as the amount you need to pay if you did not have the asset.
  • Besides, there is a heavy investment involved to acquire the plant assets for any business entity.


Remember that plant assets are those parts of a company that serve the firm, are not employees, and can last for more than a year. The key characteristics of plant assets are their revenue generation focus, tangibility usefulness, https://www.bookstime.com/ and how long an asset’s usefulness can last. Plant assets are reported differently than other assets on a business’s accounting sheets. Plant assets lose value over time through general use, which is called depreciation.

Accounting for Plant Assets

Naturally, the initial purchase of the plant asset would be an outflow of cash, any subsequent sales would be a cash inflow. Plant assets should be depreciated over their useful life, and reflected as an expense on the income statement. If there is an indication that the carrying amount (ie the historical cost) of a plant asset might have changed, an impairment test would be carried out. This includes purchase price, shipping costs, installation charges and any other costs directly attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition. Some fixed assets’ fair values can be extremely variable, needing revaluations as often as once a year. Revaluations every three to five years are permissible in most other circumstances, according to IFRS.

Reporting Plant Assets in Financial Statements

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